尼泊尔和中国就官宣珠峰新高度问题上达成共识/Nepal and China reach consensus on announcing height of Everest

2020年11月13日 01:16  点击:[]


尼泊尔和中国就官宣珠峰新高度问题上达成共识

中尼两国官方对双方将一起测量珠峰“新高度”一事三缄其口


20201112       作者:阿尼尔·吉里(Anil Giri  刊于:《加德满都邮报》


中尼两国官方就测量珠峰(地处两国交界地带)官方高度这一问题上达成共识,取得重大突破。这一共识不仅为两国共同测量世界最高峰的“新高度”提供了前提,也消除了15年来关于是认可“雪高”还是“岩高”为其官方高度的分歧。


尼泊尔土地管理、合作社及扶贫部部长帕德玛•阿里亚尔在接受《加德满都邮报》采访时表示:“两国都曾对珠峰进行过高度测量。” 尽管两国官方都对“新高度”缄口不言,但双方都已经完成了数据分析,并相互交流了研究成果。他还表示,“在分析各自的数据后,双方得出了相似的结果。更重要的是,双方都同意珠穆朗玛峰测量的高度算上积雪厚度。”


根据测量部的数据,过去印度、美国和欧洲等国的测量员曾在不同的时间段对珠穆朗玛峰的高度进行测量。有迹象表明,2015年的地震可能改变了珠峰的高度,所以测量员再次萌生了重新测量的想法。继尼泊尔于2017年测量珠峰后,去年,习近平主席访问尼泊尔后,中国也对珠峰进行了重新测量。访问期间,双方同意一起公布珠峰的新高度。


尼泊尔调查部门与六家国际公司合作,在这项工作中花费了130万美元。2005年,一支中国探险队到珠峰重新测量其高度,数据显示测量结果为8844.43米(29017.16英尺)。中国政府表示,由于积雪一直在变化,所以他们测量的珠峰高度是不包括积雪高度的。


但是尼泊尔政府并不同意此高度。全球公认的珠穆朗玛峰高度为8848米(29928英尺)。2005年时任勘测部总干事的托亚纳斯·巴拉尔(Toyanath Baral)接受邮报采访时表示:“因为中国测量的珠峰高度比全球公认值少了近4米,所以我们并不认同8844.43这一数字是算上珠峰岩石的高度值。”


一位参与评估过程的高级官员告诉《加德满都邮报》:“现在中方也同意了我们的观点。但目前我们还不清楚珠穆朗玛峰的岩石高度是否也会公布。此前,我们计划在珠峰引起全球关注之际,邀请加德满都的著名地质学家、科学家和著名登山者共同官宣这一高度。但现在由于疫情,中方和尼泊尔将单独公布。”中国大使馆的一位发言人还表示,联合声明有望在短期内发布。他说:“我们很快将一起公布积雪高度,双方正在就具体安排进行密切沟通。”

 

Translated by Sun Dali

Verified By Fang Lee


Nepal and China reach consensus on announcing height of Everest

Officials are tight-lipped about the ‘new height’ which is to be announced jointly in Kathmandu and Beijing soon.


Published on: 12 November 2020, by: Anil Giri, At: The Kathmandu Post


In a major breakthrough, Nepali and Chinese officials have reached a consensus on announcing the official height of Everest, which straddles the two countries. The consensus not only paves the way for the two to announce the “new height” of the highest mountain in the world, but also brings to an end a 15-year-old disagreement on whether to recognise the “snow height” or the “rock height” of the mountain as its official height.


“Both the governments have completed measurement of the height of Everest,” Padma Aryal, Minister for Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation, told the Post. Though officials are tight-lipped about the “new height”, both sides have completed their data analysis and shared their findings with each other. “Both have arrived at similar figures after analysing their respective data. More importantly, both sides have agreed to accept the height of Everest by incorporating the thickness of its snow cover,” said Aryal.


According to the Department of Survey, the height of Everest has been measured by different Indian, American and European surveyors on different dates in the past. The idea of remeasurement surfaced again as there were indications that the 2015 Earthquake may have altered the mountain’s height. While Nepal started measuring the height of the mountain in 2017, China did so last year after the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Nepal. During the visit, both sides had agreed to jointly announce the height of the mountain.

 

Nepal’s survey department has spent $1.3 million in this endeavour, working with six international firms. In 2005, a Chinese expedition to the mountain to re-measure its height reported the figure to be 8,844.43m (29,017.16 ft). Chinese authorities said they only measured the height of the land below the snow cover as the snow covers change all the time.


But Nepali authorities had disagreed. The globally-accepted height of Everest is 8,848 meters (29,928 ft). “We rejected the rock height of Mt Everest after China downsized the mountain by almost four meters,” Toyanath Baral, who was director-general at the Department of Survey in 2005, told the Post.


“Now the Chinese have also agreed to this. But it is not clear whether the rock height of Everest will also be announced or not,” a senior official involved in the measurement process told the Post. “Earlier we had planned to announce the height by inviting renowned geologists, scientists and acclaimed climbers in Kathmandu as Everest grabs global attention. But now due to the pandemic, the announcement will be made separately in Kathmandu and Beijing,” an official said. A spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy also said the joint announcement is expected soon. “We will jointly announce the snow height soon,” he said, “The two sides are in close communication regarding the specific arrangement.”

 



Link: https://kathmandupost.com/national/2020/11/12/nepal-and-china-reach-consensus-on-announcing-height-of-everest


 

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