跨越珠穆朗玛峰的友谊:共同繁荣的纽带/Friendship across Mount Zhumulangma: A bond for shared prosperity

2020年11月02日 15:14  点击:[]


跨越珠穆朗玛峰的友谊:共同繁荣的纽带

2020111 作者:侯艳琪 刊于:我的共和国

 


中尼是山水相连的友好邻邦。两国人民自古以来就在边境地区共享互联互通、互利往来。雄伟神圣的珠穆朗玛峰见证了两国悠久的外交历史,巍峨的喜马拉雅山成为中尼友谊的纽带。1955年,中尼建交,开启了两国关系发展的新篇章,为两国边境合作注入了新动力。

 

中尼边界见证了两国的和平与友谊。在两国前任领导人的促成下,中尼双方本着和平共处五项原则和公平、合理、相互理解、相互包容的精神,通过友好协商,从整体上解决了边界问题。双方于1961年10月签署了边界条约。1963年,中尼联合边界委员会划定了1000多公里的边界,并在边界线上设立了界桩。中尼边境60多年来一直保持和平与稳定。中尼边界问题的解决不仅是中尼友好关系发展的里程碑,也是通过友好协商解决与领国边界问题的典范,为亚洲和世界和平作出了重要贡献。

 

中尼双方就边境事务还建立了密切沟通与协调机制。根据《边界条约》和《议定书》规定,两国专业机构需完全具备确定实地边界具体线路的能力,使中尼边界得到科学、专业的认定和管理,这样就不存在任何所谓侵犯对方领土的说法。在习近平主席2019年对尼泊尔进行国事访问期间,双方签署了《边界管理制度协定》,有效地提高了两国边界管理和合作的水平。

 

中尼边境已成为两国互利合作的纽带。两国已开通了喀隆-拉苏瓦(Kerung-Rasuwa)和樟木-科达里(Zhangmu-Kodari)等6对边境口岸。跨境合作已成为两国关系的重要组成部分。双方还就贸易和支付、边境居民跨境畜牧业、商贸等事项达成了一系列协议,进一步促进边境贸易,为边境居民的生活提供便利。2019年,中国西藏自治区与尼泊尔进出口总值达到36.65亿元(约合4.65亿美元),同比增长26.7%。尼泊尔连续六年成为西藏自治区最大的对外贸易伙伴。

 

为改善尼泊尔北部人民的生活,中方自2006年5月起开放西藏自治区公路,为尼泊尔方面提供了货物运输。此次合作共完成发货67批,共计食品、柴油、工程机械、施工材料等货物15876.9吨。这也成为两国边境居民真诚互助、合作共赢的美谈。

 

班达里总统2019年对中国进行国事访问期间,签署了中尼《过境运输协定实施协议》,允许尼泊尔方面在中国4个海港和3个陆上港口进行第三国贸易,这有助于推动尼泊尔从“内陆国”向“陆连国”转变,为中尼跨境合作带来新机遇。

 

中尼边境是相互援助的桥梁。2015年4月尼泊尔大地震对两国边境口岸和道路造成严重破坏。尽管地震后沿线次生灾害频发,中方仍将尼泊尔急需的油气运至尼泊尔,并积极在边境口岸和公路展开抢修维修工作。2019年5月,漳木-科达里港恢复货运功能。

 

很荣幸能够领导工作组沿阿尼科(Arniko)公路行驶,视察边境港口的重建。在如此复杂的地理条件下,边境口岸的建设给我留下了深刻印象,中尼友谊坚不可摧,患难与共。

 

今年,自新冠疫情爆发以来,中方一直致力于防控新冠疫情、应对自然地质灾害的影响,建立联防联控机制,积极探索提高货物运输能力的途径。尽管疫情仍在持续,但我们仍尽最大努力维持着边境口岸的货运功能,并优先安排运输中国援助的多批医疗用品和尼泊尔采购的日用品。尽管疫情影响了两国间货物运输合作的效率,但向尼方运送防治疫情的医疗用品和生活必需品的工作从未停止,这座友谊之桥从未断开。

 

新时期中尼边境合作前景广阔。2019年是中尼关系发展史上的里程碑。习近平主席和班达里总统成功进行国事访问,将两国关系提升为世代友好、发展繁荣的战略合作伙伴关系。2020年是中尼建交65周年,也是落实两国高层互访成果的第一年。在两国领导人绘制的蓝图的指导下,双方正共同努力建设跨喜马拉雅地区的多维互联网络。继续完善边境口岸功能和基础设施建设,全力维护中尼公路,积极推进克伦-加德满都(Kerung-Kathmandu)跨境铁路项目可行性研究。中国和尼泊尔还将联合测量珠穆朗玛峰海拔,并在这一领域进行科学研究。

 

让我们期待新时期中尼友谊与合作在珠穆朗玛峰上继续闪耀,让我们共同努力,把中尼边境作为纽带,建设中尼共同的美好未来。

 

 

Translated by Fang Lee

Verified by Qi Zhouqian


Friendship across Mount Zhumulangma: A bond for shared prosperity

Published On:  November 1, 2020, By: Hou Yanqi, at:Republic


China and Nepal are friendly neighbors linked by mountains and rivers.  People from both the countries have shared connectivity, mutual benefit and exchanges along the border areas since ancient times. The magnificent and holy Mount Zhumulangma has witnessed the long history of exchanges between the two countries, and the vast Himalayas have become the bond of China-Nepal friendship.  In 1955, China and Nepal established diplomatic relations, which started a new chapter in the development of bilateral relations and injected new impetus into border cooperation between the two countries.

 

The China-Nepal boundary bears testimony to peace and friendship between the two countries.  Under care of the former leaders of the two countries, China and Nepal achieved an overall settlement of the boundary question through friendly consultations in accordance with the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence and the spirit of fairness, reasonableness, mutual understanding and mutual accommodation.  The two sides signed the Boundary Treaty in October 1961.  In 1963, the China-Nepal Joint Boundary Commission demarcated the over 1000 kilometers boundary and set up boundary markers along the boundary line.  The China-Nepal border has maintained peace and stability for over 60 years. Settlement of the boundary question between the two countries was not only a milestone in the development of friendly relations between China and Nepal, it also set an example to settle boundary questions with neighboring countries through friendly consultations, and thus made an important contribution to peace in Asia and the world.

 

The two sides have also established mechanisms to keep close communication and coordination on border affairs.  In accordance with the provisions of the Boundary Treaty and Protocols, the professional authorities from both the sides have been fully capable of determining the specific alignment of the boundary on the field, putting China-Nepal boundary under scientific and professional recognition and management, which leaves no room for any so-called encroachment on each other's territories.  In 2019, during President Xi Jinping's state visit to Nepal, the two sides signed the Agreement on the Boundary Management System and have effectively improved the level of boundary management and cooperation between the two countries.

 

China-Nepal border has become a bond for win-win cooperation. The two countries have opened six pairs of border ports, including the Kerung-Rasuwa and Zhangmu-Kodari.  Trans-border cooperation has become an important part of bilateral relations.  The two sides also reached a series of agreements on trade and payment, trans-frontier pasturing of livestock by the border inhabitants, and trade and other matters, to further promote border trade and facilitate the lives of border inhabitants.  In 2019, the total imports and exports value between Xizang (Tibet) Autonomous Region of China (XAR) and Nepal reached 3.165 billion yuan (about 465 million US dollars), a growth of 26.7% on a year-on-year basis.  Nepal has been the largest foreign trade partner of XAR for six years in a row.

 

In order to better the lives of the people in the northern part of Nepal, the Chinese side has provided the Nepali side with the facility to utilize highways in XAR for Cargo Transport since May 2006.  A total of 67 batches of consignments have been completed under this cooperation, with a total of 15,876.9 tons of goods, including food, diesel, engineering machinery construction materials. It has become a tale of sincere mutual assistance and win-win cooperation between border inhabitants of the two countries.

 

During President Bhandari’s state visit to China in 2019, China and Nepal signed the Protocol on Implementing Agreement on Transit Transport that allows the Nepali side to use 4 sea ports and 3 land ports in China for third-country trade, which helps promote the vision of Nepal to transform from a “land-locked” country to a “land-linked” country, and bring new opportunities in China-Nepal trans-border cooperation.

 

China-Nepal border is a bridge for mutual assistance.  The earthquakes of April 2015 caused serious damage to the border ports and roads between the two countries.  Despite the risk of frequent secondary disasters along the route after the earthquakes, the Chinese side transported the most needed oil and gas to Nepal and actively carried out urgent repair and maintenance work at the border ports and the roads.  In May 2019, the Zhangmu-Kodari Port restored its freight function.

 

I had the pleasure of leading a working team to inspect the reconstruction of the border port by driving along the Arniko Highway.  I was deeply impressed by the construction of the border port under such sophisticated geographical conditions, and was touched by the unbreakable China-Nepal friendship, sharing weal and woe.

 

This year, since the outbreak of the pandemic, the Chinese side has been working hard to overcome the impact of COVID-19 and natural geological hazards in establishing a joint prevention and control mechanism in order to actively explore the ways to improve the capacity of the transportation of goods. Despite the ongoing pandemic, we have maintained the freight function at the border ports to our best and arranged for the transportation of many batches of medical supplies aided by China and daily necessities purchased by Nepal as a priority.  Although the pandemic has affected the efficiency of cooperation in transporting goods between the two countries, the delivery of medical supplies for prevention and control of the pandemic and daily necessities to the Nepali side has never stopped, and this bridge of friendship has never been interrupted.

 

The prospects of China-Nepal border cooperation in the new era is very promising.  The year 2019 is a milestone in the history of the development of China-Nepal relations.  President Xi Jinping and President Bhandari successfully exchanged state visits and elevated the bilateral relations to the Strategic Partnership of Cooperation, featuring ever-lasting friendship for development and prosperity. The year 2020 marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Nepal, and is also the first year to implement the outcomes of exchanges of the high-level visits. Under the guidance of the blueprint depicted by the leaders of the two countries, the two sides are working together to build the trans-Himalayan multidimensional connectivity network. We will continue to improve the functions and infrastructure construction along the border ports, and spare no efforts in maintaining the highways connecting China and Nepal, and actively promote feasibility study on the Kerung-Kathmandu cross-border railway project. China and Nepal will also jointly announce the height of Mount Zhumulangma and conduct scientific research in this field.

 

Let us look forward to the continued glittering of China-Nepal friendship and cooperation across Mount Zhumulangma in the new era; let us work together to make the China-Nepal border a bond to build a shared bright future for China and Nepal.

 


Link: https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/friendship-across-mount-zhumulangma-a-bond-for-shared-prosperity/

 

 

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