尼泊尔颁布外国投资新规定

2021年02月22日 09:38  点击:[]

尼泊尔颁布外国投资新规定

外国投资者在项目开始实施前需投入拟议资金的70%,剩余部分应在两年内投入。

2021年1月20日 作者:克丽莎娜·普拉森(Krishanaprasian)刊于:《加德满都邮报》

根据《外国投资和技术转让法》(FITTA)颁布的一项新规定,在尼泊尔的外国投资者需要在项目开始实施前需投入拟议投资的70%,剩余部分应在两年内完成。1月11日在《尼泊尔公报》上公布的这项规定表示,投资者必须在项目获批后一年内转让其承诺的资金。并首次根据外商投资规模发放投资身份证。


投资5000万至2.5亿卢比的投资者为“一般外国投资者”,投资2.5亿至10亿卢比之间的投资为“特殊外国投资者”,投资超过10亿卢比的投资者为“非常特殊外国投资者”。投资身份证将提供给所有外国投资者及其官方代表。根据投资组合向外国投资者或其官方代表及其家庭成员发放商务签证。如果投资者或其官方代表及其家庭成员一次性投资额达100万美元,将获得居住签证。


尼泊尔工业部总干事吉布拉尔·布萨尔(JiblalBhusal)说:“新规定将取消获得批准和延长期限后推迟投资计划的规定。”根据新规定,公司在尼泊尔注册一年以上的外国投资者必须在六个月内提交工作流程。布萨尔说,根据外国投资者投入尼泊尔的资本额度来分类,他们也会获得相应地援助。


他说:“该条例明确了特许权使用费和利润的返还,以及企业扩张的规范流程。”根据最近颁布的规定,外国投资者可以100%购买在尼泊尔注册的公司的股票。他们可以对飞机、船舶、建筑设备和机械进行租赁投资,但有一定的限制。


如果任何尼泊尔公司与一个以上的投资者签订了技术转让协议,在一个财政年度内,如果货物在国内销售,则提成费的返还不得超过总销售额(不含税)的5%;如果货物出口到国外,则提成费的返还不得超过总销售额(不含税)的10%。新规定允许所有外国公司通过根据现行法律获得外国直接投资批准,在尼泊尔开设分公司。


根据新规定,外商投资企业所得财产、资产、股份发生变化的,应当自交易发生之日起30日内持有关文件提出申请。如果有外国投资者希望将利润汇回,该决定应经公司年度股东大会批准。外国投资者经批准投资能源、生产、基础设施、矿山等领域,经自己努力无法购买所需土地的,可以持有关证件向政府机关提出申请。


新规定允许外商投资制造业在获得相关政府机构批准后,在其经营场所开设零售服务台。如果它收到任何外国投资公司从事超出其规定条件的活动的信息,工业部总干事可下令对外国投资者关于工业注册、监管和检查方面的投诉进行调查,并且可以命令工业部的任何负责人进行调查。布萨尔预计,新法规将促进外国投资。


在上一个财政年度2019-2020财年期间,财政部收到了约380亿卢比的外国投资承诺总额。布萨尔说,本财年上半年的投资承诺总额约为210亿卢比。


尼泊尔的目标是到2030年成为中等收入国家并实现可持续发展目标。但根据世界银行的一份报告,目前的投资水平不足以使该国从目前的低收入状态过渡到中等收入阶段目标。填补资金缺口的主要来源之一是外国直接投资,但尼泊尔是近年来吸引投资额最低的国家之一。


世界银行去年2月公布的系统性国别诊断显示,过去10年,外国直接投资平均仅占国内生产总值(GDP)的0.2%,是世界上最低的国家之一。外国直接投资对于获取新技术、商业惯例和市场至关重要。近年来,尼泊尔资本流入呈上升趋势,但仍落后于大多数南亚国家。

Translated by Lifang

Verified by Sun Dali

Foreigninvestors in Nepal need to bring 70 percent of their proposed investment beforebeginning operations, and the rest in the next two years, according to a newregulation issued under the Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Act(FITTA). The regulation, which was published in the Nepal Gazette on January11, also says that investors have to transfer the capital they have pledgedwithin a year of their project being approved. And for the first time, foreigninvestors will be issued identity cards according to the size of theirinvestment.


Investorsputting in Rs50 million to Rs250 million are categorised as 'general foreigninvestors'. Those spending between Rs250 million and Rs1 billion are classifiedas 'special foreign investors', and investors making an investment of more thanRs1 billion are called 'very special foreign investors'. The identity cardswill be provided to all foreign investors and their official representatives. Businessvisas will be issued to foreign investors or their official representatives andtheir family members as per the investment portfolio. Investors or theirofficial representatives and their family members will get residential visas ifthey make an investment of $1 million at one time.


“Thenew provision will eliminate the practice of delaying the investment plan aftergetting the go-ahead and extending the deadline,” said Jiblal Bhusal, directorgeneral of the Department of Industry. Under the new regulation, foreigninvestors whose firms have been registered in Nepal for more than a year mustsubmit their working procedure within six months. Foreign investors arecategorised according to the amount of capital they bring into the country, andthey receive facilities accordingly, Bhusal said.


"Theregulation is clear about the repatriation of royalties and profits, and theprocess of expanding their enterprises." The FITTA was amended in 2019,and the regulation was introduced to define it with greater clarity, he said. Asper the recently issued regulation, foreign investors can buy 100 percent ofthe stock of companies registered in Nepal. They can make lease investments inaircraft, ships, construction equipment and machineries with certainrestrictions.


Ifany Nepali company has made a technology transfer agreement with more than oneinvestor, the repatriation of royalty in one fiscal year may not exceed 5percent of total sales, excluding taxes, in case of goods sold within thecountry, and 10 percent of total sales, excluding taxes, in case of goodsexported to foreign countries. The regulation allows any foreign company toopen a branch in Nepal by getting its foreign direct investment approved as perexisting law.


Accordingto the new regulation, if any foreign invested company makes changes in theearned property, assets or shares, it should apply with the related documentswithin 30 days of the transaction. If any foreign investor wants to repatriatethe profits, the decision should be approved by the company's annual generalmeeting. If foreign investors, who have received approval to invest in theenergy, production, infrastructure or mine sectors, are unable to buy therequired land through their own efforts, they can apply to a government agencywith the proper documents.


Thenew regulation has allowed manufacturing industries with foreign investment toopen retail sales desks on their premises after getting approval from therelated government bodies. The director general of the Department of Industrycan order an investigation in response to complaints from foreign investorsregarding industry registration, regulation and inspection, The directorgeneral can order any head of the Department of Industry to conduct aninvestigation if it receives information that any company with foreigninvestment has engaged in activities beyond the conditions laid down by it. Bhusalexpects that the new regulation will facilitate foreign investment.

Thedepartment received foreign investment pledges of around Rs38 billion in thelast fiscal year 2019-20. Investment commitments in the first half of thecurrent fiscal year totalled around Rs21 billion, said Bhusal.


Nepalaims to become a middle-income country and achieve the Sustainable DevelopmentGoals by 2030. But the current level of investment is not enough for thecountry to reach the middle-income stage from the current low-income status astargeted, according to a World Bank report. One of the major sources ofbridging the financing gap is foreign direct investment, but Nepal is among thecountries attracting the lowest amount of investment in recent years.


TheSystematic Country Diagnostic Report published by the World Bank in Februarylast year revealed that foreign direct investment averaged just 0.2 percent ofthe gross domestic product over the last decade, which is one of the lowest inthe world. Foreign direct investment is vital for accessing new technologies,business practices, and markets. In the past few years, capital inflow in thecountry has seen an upward trend, but it still lags behind most South Asiancountries.


Original Link:

https://kathmandupost.com/money/2021/01/20/nepal-issues-new-regulations-regarding-foreign-investment

 

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