特莱的几个村庄中仍存在乔帕迪这一陋习/Chhaupadi Still In Practice In Few Villages Of Terai

2020年11月09日 23:59  点击:[]


特莱的几个村庄中仍存在乔帕迪这一陋习

2020118    作者:钱达尼·阿查里亚(Chandani Acharya 刊于:新兴尼泊尔


在戈达霍迪(Ghodaghodi)、高里甘加(Gauriganga)、巴达戈里亚(Bardagoriya)和兰基丘亚(Lamkichua)等市的少数村庄中,仍然存在着一种迷信思想,即让月经来潮的妇女呆在屋里会让上帝生气。


戈达霍迪市13岁的贾穆纳正处于月经初潮的第三天。她一直住在乔戈特(Chhau goth),这是一种传统的小屋,用来安置月经来潮的妇女,小屋就在她家附近。她在拥挤的乔戈特屋里铺了一块薄布作为床上用品。她说:“因为这是我第一次来月经,有人告诉我不能看我家里的男性成员。还有,如果我呆在家里,上帝会生气的。因此,我被安置在这间小屋里。”


虽然贾穆纳的家人说,她被安置在乔戈特只是因为这是她的月经初潮,但村里的许多房子旁边都建有乔戈特房屋,这表示事情并不是贾穆纳的家人说的那么回事。在戈达霍迪市,让经期妇女住在乔戈特的非法习俗仍在继续。一位不愿透露姓名的女性说:“我们被告知,如果我们经期呆在家里,上帝会对我们生气的,不然谁想呆在这样的小屋里呢?”


为根除乔帕迪这一陋习,地方政府开始推行各种计划来提高人们的认识,很多经受这种陋习的女性都不愿说出自己的名字。许多人表示不理解为什么要将乔戈特木屋定为犯罪,因为它还可以用来储存柴火。戈达霍迪市执行委员会委员尼玛拉·桑吉亚尔(Nirmala Sanjyal)说,当地政府与每个地区的学校进行协调,一直在开展针对这种不良行为的认知宣传工作。


桑吉亚尔补充说:“我们一直在存在陋习的地方开展宣传工作,提高人们的认知。然而,这些妇女不能接受乔帕迪已经被定罪的事实。”兰基丘哈市(Lamkichuha)副市长提卡·库马里塔帕(Tika Kumari Thapa)说,当地政府已经发起了一场运动,阻止乔帕迪陋习。


塔帕补充道:“在我们向当地年长的居民提出要求后,几乎80%的乔戈特小屋已经被市政当局迁走。”《国家刑法典》第168(3)条规定,禁止将经期妇女安置在乔戈特小屋。违反这项规定者最高可面临三个月监禁和3000卢比的罚款。


将经期妇女安置进乔帕迪小屋的行为,尽管已被该法案定为犯罪,但尚未付诸实施。社会工作者梅娜·达卡尔(Maina Dhakal)要求政府严格执行有关乔帕迪的法律,她说:“破坏小屋是不够的,必须大力传播意识,才能根除这种陋习。”

Translated by Yan Jin

Verified by Fu Xiao


Chhaupadi Still In Practice In Few Villages Of Terai

Published on: 8 November 2020, by: Chandani Acharya,  at: The Rising Nepal


By Chandani Acharya, Lamki (Kailali), Nov. 8:  The superstitious belief that keeping menstruating women inside the house would make the god angry still, alias Chhaupadi practice, still exists in few villages of Ghodaghodi, Gauriganga, Bardagoriya and Lamkichua Municipalities among others.


13-year-old Jamuna (name changed) of Ghodaghodi Municipality-8 is on the third day of her menarche. She has been staying in Chhau goth, a traditional hut made to keep menstruating women, near her house. She lays a thin piece of cloth for her bedding inside the congested Chhau goth. “Since it is my first menstruation, I have been told that I cannot look at the male members of my family. Also, if I stay inside my house, god will be angry. Thus, I have been placed inside this hut,” said Jamuna.


Although Jamuna’s families said that she was placed in the Chhau goth only because it was her first period, the Chhau goths constructed next to many houses in the village tells a different story. The illegal custom of staying in Chhau goth is still continuing in Ghodaghodi Municipality. Requesting anonymity, a female said, “We have been told that if we stay inside our homes during our period, the god will be angry with us. This is why we stay in Chhau goth, otherwise who would want to stay in a hut?”


After the local levels started introducing various awareness programmes to eradicate Chhaupadi practice, the females practicing it refrain from even telling their names. Many say that the Chhau goths were handy in storing firewoods when asked why they had not destructed the huts after it was criminalised by the government. Nirmala Sanjyal, executive committee member of Ghodaghodi Municipality said that the local government had been conducting awareness programmes against the ill practice by coordinating with schools in every ward.


“We have been holding awareness programmes in wards where Chhaupadi is still in practice. However, the women have not been able to accept that Chhaupadi has already been criminalised,” added Sanjyal. Various local levels in Kailali have been destructing the Chhau goths within their territory. Tika Kumari Thapa, deputy mayor of Lamkichuha Municipality, said that the local government had introduced a campaign to stop Chhaupadi practice from 2074 BS itself.


“After our requests to the senior citizens, almost 80 per cent of Chhau goths have been removed from the municipality,” added Thapa. Section 168 (3) of the National Penal Code, 2074, has prohibited to put menstruating women in Chhau goths. This provision has been backed with the punishment of imprisonment up to three months and a fine up to Rs. 3,000.


Although the law has criminalised Chhaupadi, it has not come into practice. “Destructing the menstrual huts is not enough, awareness must be spread in the same way in order to eradicate the practice,” said Maina Dhakal, a social worker, demanding strict enforcement of the laws relating to Chhaupadi.

 


Link: https://risingnepaldaily.com/nation/chhaupadi-still-in-practice-in-few-villages-of-terai


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